Hmm… We’re presented with a command line similar to challenge 8!
Let’s do a ls to see what we have on the file system.
Well we see that there is a file named “sUpErDuPErL33T.txt”
Let’s see what’s in this file.
We’re presented with login information.
Looking back at the command file we see the following file adminpanel.php
Going to that file we see the following:
An admin portal!
Let’s enter our login information and see what we get:
We passed the challenge!!!
We did our right click view page source which showed that we had a hidden file named answer.php. Trying to access this file didn’t help us. Next changing the user agent we were able to upload our file to the file system. Going to the file on the file system we noticed that the file allows us to execute commands. Executing the commands were able to find the login information and login successfully.
Use the knowledge you’ve learned to solve the next challenge. We were first introduced to user-agents in challenge #5 with the p0wnbrowser product. We know that we can change the user-agent to show content that we would’ve never noticed.
Today’s challenge will conclude the Hackademic Challenge.
Below is the scenario:
Would you like to become an active hacker ?
How about becoming a member of the world’s largest hacker group:
Before you can join though, you ‘ll have to prove yourself worthy by passing the test that can be found at: http://n1nj4h4x0rzcr3w.com
If you succeed in completing the challenge, you will get a serial number, which you will use for obtaining the password that will enable you to join the group.
Your objective is to bypass the authentication mechanism, find the serial number and be supplied with your own username and password from the admin team of the site.
Clicking the link we see the following screen:
Doing a right click, page source we see the following:
Looking at the line above the password line we noticed that there is a hidden field called “LetMeIn” which is set to false. What if we set this to true?
Going back to the our original screen, and clicking on Tools –> Web Developer Extension –> Forms –> Display Form Fields we see the following screen:
Changing the field from “False” to “True” and pressing the “Login” button we see the following:
Hmm… there’s an alert box that has encoding in it. Could this encoding contain the serial number?
Copying the encoding and going to Google we search for “Decoder online”. We found a website HERE
Changing the encoding type from Base64 to URL encoding and pressing “Decode” we see the following:
We have the serial number!
Going back to the challenge and pressing Enter we’re presented with the following screen:
Entering our name and serial number, and pressing the send button we see the following screen:
Our trick of right clicking and viewing the page source helped us. We noticed that there is a hidden field titled, “LetMeIn”. Developers believe that just because a field is hidden a penetration tester could not exploit these fields. This is further from the truth.
After we have tampered with the hidden field we are next encountered with encoding. Doing a quick Google search we found an encoder/decoder online that we can use to decode the encoding.
Once that decoding is done we entered our name and serial number on the next screen and we have completed the challenge.
This post we will solve challenge 7 of the OWASP Hackademic Challenge.
Below is the scenario:
A good friend of mine studies at Acme University, in the Computer Science and Telecomms Department. Unfortunately, her grades are not that good. You are now thinking “This is big news!”… Hmmm, maybe not. What is big news, however, is this: The network administrator asked for 3,000 euros to change her marks into A’s. This is obviously a case of administrative authority abuse. Hence… a good chance for D-phase and public exposure…
I need to get into the site as admin and upload an index.htm file in the web-root directory, that will present all required evidence for the University’s latest “re-marking” practices!
I only need you to find the admin password for me…
Clicking on the link we see the following:
Right clicking on the page we see the following:
We see that there is a folder named index_files. Let’s go this folder and see what’s there…
Well look what we have here… there’s a lastlogin.txt, clicking on that file we get the following:
We see that Irene is a valid user. Let’s go back to the beginning and add Irene to the text box (with TamperData on) and see what we get.
Let’s press “OK”, and continue.
Reloading the page we now see the following in TamperData:
Well what do we have here? Inside the cookie we have the user of Irene and a userlevel of “user”. Lets try to change the userlevel to admin and see if this will solve our challenge.
After pressing out we get the following screen:
Page source provided gems in this challenge. When doing the page source we noticed that there was a folder “index_files”. When accessing this folder we see that there was information that was disclosed incorrectly that showed the last login of the application. This is bad because another user (in this case us) can impersonate a valid user.
Once we checked the grade for our user of “Irene” and looked at the tamper data results we noticed there was a cookie header that showed that our user had a privilege level of user. We noticed that this value can be changed. After change the privilege from user to admin we completed the challenge successfully.
When creating an application make sure that information is not being disclosed improperly. Make sure that there are no open folders that can be accessed on the website.
What’s the challenge today? Challenge 5 of 10 from OWASP Hackademic.
You need to get access to the contents of this SITE. In order to achieve this, however, you must buy the “p0wnBrowser” web browser. Since it is too expensive, you will have to “fool” the system in some way, so that it let you read the site’s contents.
Walk through below:
Going to the website we get the following:
Viewing page source we see the following:
So… the page source is not helping us as there are no gems.
Let’s look at Tamper Data.
Reloading the page and press “Tamper” we get the following:
We don’t have any POST data to change, but we do have request headers that we can change. One field looks interesting User-Agent.
The user-agent describes the type of browser that you are using. More can be learned about user-agent HERE.
If we change the user-agent to p0wnBrowser (since we are trying to trick the user to view the contents). Changing the user-agent we get the following:
In this case we did not have POST data (response) to change, but we did have GET data (request) to change. Looking at the different headers the user-agent jumps out as one to change. Once again, if you’re stuck, Google is the way to go!