capture the flag, hacking, web application security

InfoSec Institute Challenge #12

Another day, another challenge.

Today’s challenge is coming from the InfoSec Institute.

Going to the following link we see the following:

infosec_12_intro

Doing a right click, view page source we see the following:

infosec_12_css

We noticed there’s an extra CSS (Cascading Style Sheets).  Let’s see what’s in this file.

Going to the file we see the following:

infosec_12_css_opened

Hmm… this looks interesting. Knowing a thing or two about CSS, the colors are represented in hex (hexadecimal, base 16) form. More can be found here.

I’m thinking this is the actual flag, but it’s just encoded.

Using out knowledge from other challenges, let’s try base64 decoding, since it has worked before.

Going to the link here, and typing in the encoding we get the following:

infosec_12_base_64_decoding

Our decoding wasn’t successful. This encoding is not base64.

Going back to the challenge, we know that CSS uses hexadecimal to represent colors.

Maybe the encoding is in hexadecimal form.

Going to Google and typing in “converting hexadecimal to text” we get the following link.

Putting our encoding in the text box and changing the decoding to “hexadecimal to text” we get the following:

infosec_12_flag

We found the flag!

Lessons learned:

Attention to detail! We noticed that there was another file when we did the right click, view page source. Going to that page we noticed that there was encoding. We first tried base64 which did not work. Going back to the drawboard on how CSS works, we know the colors are represented in hexadecimal. Doing a Google search of hexadecimal to text we were able to find the flag.

 

capture the flag, hacking, web application security

InfoSec Institute CTF Challenge #11

Another day, another challenge.

Today’s challenge is from the InfoSec Institute CTF.

Going to the following LINK we see:

infosec_11_beginning

Doing our favorite trick of right click, view page source we see the following:

infosec_11_pagesource

We see an image of “php-logo-virus.jpg” hmm… what happens when we click this file?

We see the following:

infosec_11_php_virus_picture

Looks like a simple file… looks can be deceiving.

Just going from the title of the file, there’s something in this file that we’re not seeing.

Let’s use our trick from the last challenge of using strings to see if this is a true file.

Using the strings command inside our cygwin terminal we see the following:

infosec_11_strings

Hmm… we see the beginning part of the flag. The last looks like encoding.

Let’s try to decode it.

One of the encoding we’ve seen in the challenges have been base64 encoding, so let’s use that to see if we can decode the message.

Going to this link, and typing in the encoding we see the following:

infosec_11_powershell

We’re presented with a link. Going to that link we see the following:

infosec_11_powerslide

Combining the this with the beginning of the flag, we get infosec_flagis_powerslide!

Lessons learned:

Most of these challenges build on top of each. We still used our tried and true right click, view page source to see if there are any nuggets that were not shown on the page. We noticed there was a file. Looking at the name, we determined that there was more than what met the eye. Using another command we learned – strings we were able to see that the flag was embedded in picture, but it was encoded. Using previous knowledge, we noticed that previous challenges used base64 encoding so we used that (base64) to see if we can decode the text. After decoding we went to the link and used the image to complete the flag.